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What diseases do rats carry?

In Long Island, rodents can carry various diseases, posing health risks to humans. Some of the diseases rodents are known to transmit in this region include:

  • Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS): Hantaviruses are potentially life-threatening viruses transmitted through rodent urine, droppings, and saliva. Exposure to infected rodents, particularly deer mice, can lead to HPS, which can cause severe respiratory symptoms.
  • Lyme Disease: While primarily associated with ticks, Lyme disease can also be indirectly linked to rodents. Rodents serve as hosts for ticks that transmit the disease to humans.
  • Salmonellosis: Rats and mice can carry Salmonella bacteria, which can contaminate food and surfaces, leading to salmonellosis, a gastrointestinal illness.
  • Leptospirosis: This bacterial infection can be contracted from water or soil contaminated with urine from infected rodents. Symptoms range from mild to severe and may include fever, muscle pain, and kidney or liver problems.
  • Rat-Bite Fever: As the name suggests, this disease can be transmitted through rat bites, scratches, or contact with rodent bodily fluids. Symptoms include fever, joint pain, and rashes.
  • Plague: Although rare, some rodents in Long Island, such as ground squirrels, can carry the bacterium responsible for bubonic plague. Flea bites from infected rodents can transmit the disease to humans.

It’s crucial to take preventive measures and seek medical attention if you suspect exposure to rodents or any related symptoms, as prompt treatment is essential for certain diseases.

What diseases do rats carry in Long Island; Arrow Exterminating

Which Rodents Spread Disease?

While rats and mice are the prevalent rodents in Long Island, it’s important to note that all rodents can potentially carry diseases. A common belief is that rodents transmit diseases primarily through direct means, such as bites, scratches, or contact with their urine and feces. However, rodents can also serve as carriers for disease-spreading parasites like ticks, mites, and fleas, indirectly exposing humans to illnesses. Therefore, even if you haven’t spotted the rodents themselves but suspect an infestation due to early signs, it’s crucial to seek professional assistance promptly to mitigate health risks associated with these pests.

Can Rodent-Borne Illness Be Fatal?

Yes, rodent-borne illnesses can be fatal in some cases. While many rodent-borne diseases are treatable with prompt medical intervention, some can lead to severe complications and even death if left untreated. For example, diseases like Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and leptospirosis can have life-threatening consequences if not diagnosed and treated early.

It’s important to take rodent infestations seriously and seek medical attention if you suspect you’ve been exposed to rodents or have symptoms of rodent-borne illnesses, such as fever, respiratory distress, or severe flu-like symptoms. Timely medical care is crucial to improving the prognosis and reducing the risk of fatality associated with these diseases.

Signs of Diseases From Rats

Rodent-borne diseases can have fatal consequences if not promptly treated, underscoring the importance of recognizing the associated symptoms. Whether you suspect a rodent infestation or have had recent contact with rodents, it’s crucial to be vigilant for these early warning signs:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Muscle pains
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Ulcers
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting

If you experience any of these symptoms and have concerns about a potential rodent-borne illness, seeking immediate medical attention is imperative for your well-being.

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